Pension Application for William W. Fox
State of New York
Personally came before me Henry I. Diefendorff, one of the Judges of the Court of Common Pleas of the County of Montgomery and the State of New York aforesaid, William W. Fox of the said Town, County & Sate aforesaid, who being duly sworn deposeth and saith, that he had performed Militia duty from the Commencement to the close of the Revolutionary War, that conformable to an Resolution passed on the 27th day of May 1775 by the Old Congress. It was resolved that the Militia of New York be armed and trained and in constant readiness to act at a moment’s warning—That it be recommended to the Provincial Convention of New York to persevere the more vigorously in preparing for their defense, as it was very uncertain, wether [whether] the earnest endeavour of Congress to accommodate the unhappy differences between Great Britain and the Collonies, [colonies] by conciliatory means would be successful.
This deponent further saith that in compliance of the aforesaid Revolution he hath furnished himself with sufficient arms and accouterments and always kept himself in readiness to march out with the militia or Continental troops against the enemy on any or every occurrence and emergency when required thereto, on a moments warning. That the militia were particularly situated up along the Mohawk River apparently on the frontier west to Canada and from whence they came looking around us, sometimes taking some of the Militia prisoners and at other times murdering & scalping. When laboring on their forces during the whole summer season for a number of years in succession often with armies on their fields for defence, when his country called for physical means he fervently? obeyed that call, at the bidding of his government, he left the plough for the tented field on any emergency he quit the quiet and safety of his home to share in the danger of the Battle. He left his own fireside to mingle in the lesser duties in danger from April 1775 to October 1782 the Militia of the whole country were required to be in constant readiness for active service. That he is now aged 78 years. That he has faithfully served in achieving the American Independence as well than the rights and Liberties of the Citizens of the United States.
This deponent further saith that from the commencement to the close of the Revolutionary War he belonged to the Regt of Militia Commanded by Jacob Klock Col. and Peter Waggoner, Lieut. Col., that at the commencement he belonged to Capt. William Foxes Company emmediatly [immediately] after next thence the command of Capt. Christopher Foxes Company and lastly after the year 1777 under Capt. Henry Miller, all in the same beat? [battalion?] excepting when belonging to Capt. William Foxes Company in the Town of Palatine County & State aforesaid, where he this deponent was born and where he hath resided during the whole war and ever since.
This deponent further saith that it is altogether impractical and impossible for him to document all, each, and every occurrence or trip he had to perform, that no one has kept a memorandum, no one he thinks can tell more than once out of six, as to the different times and the duties performed, shall only beg leave to mention some of the most important contests & battles engaged in, First ordered out in the year 1776 to march to Caughnawaga there joining Genl Schuyler & his Militia from Albany and Schenectady, from thence marching to Johnstown where Sr. John Johnson had assembled or he understood with about three or four hundred men all around and acquit?, supposing contemplating in doing injury to those considered adhering to the Whig principles, previous to their going to Canada in January. The British then continuing in obeying the calls and the emergency of his country until the memorable Battle under Genl Herkimer of Militia near Fort Stanwix to what is called Oriskany Battle on the sixth day of Augt 1777 and that in the same year in the fall he hath been to Still Water, Saratoga, at the taking of Genl Burgoyne with his Army. By Genl Gates and our army composed of regular troops detached from the American Army and Militia of New York & New England States.
This deponent further saith that he has been drafted twice to go to Fort Stanwix the last for six weeks. Emediately [Immediately] before Oriskana Battle only two days after his return home, the second day after again warned and marching under the Command of Genl Nicholas Herkimer, to the aid of Col. Willett & Col. Gansevoort then at Fort Stanwix, then at Fort Stanwix, when battle took place about 4 miles this side of the fort at Oriskana. Between the British Army and the Militia along from the Mohawk. Next again in pursuit of Sr. John Johnson while the enemy were laying waste to houses and barns at and around Caughnawage in the Town of Johnstown, murdering and scalping some of the most respectable part of its inhabitants. When in pursuit of them, they took flight retreating along by the Village of Johnstown marching to the Hall, and across the Hall forces not affording an opportunity to gratify the veracity of the Militia or Whigs, but to the contrary hastening to the woods, which was the last we saw of them at that time. Which occurrence happened to the best of his knowledge and recollection on the 22d day of May 1780—That on the 19th day of Oct 1780 same year after the Battle in Palatine in Stonearabia where the Brave Col. Brown was slain in battle and almost all the buildings burned and consumed to ashes, connectively with chiefly all their graves & This deponent in pursuit of the enemy, with others overtook Sr. John Johnson with his dire and incendiary crew, about seven or 8 miles up along the Mohawk River, there took battle on Failing Flats with the enemy and that to the Great shame and disgrace to whom, who had the command over all the commanding Genl’s and who had force sufficient to have taken Sr. John Johnson and all his Incendiary Tory Crew, previous had not the Genl halted at the distance nearly one mile leaving it to few courageous Militia and all who would fight in putting the enemy to flight. And that without the Great Genl, the Commander of that memorable day, this deponent further saith that on the 29th day of July on the Holy Sabbath day morning when the distressed inhabitance happened to be gathered and collected together at their church in Stonearabia, Town of Palatine aforesaid, an express came informing the people at the Meeting house that an number of Indians and Tories were situated at a distance about five or six miles from the aforesaid church in the woods whose object was to exercise their customary & usual cruelties on some of the inhabitants near their encampment—the instant discovery was made, one of their party with an Indians was sent as spys, and the white man, treacherous to the party left in the woods, they both crashing near to a house where a respectable family were residing—the Indian at once struck with fear and jealousy, hastening to his comrades from Canada our men all flying to their arms as they were ready doing execution at all times, when called as many as could be gathered there at the church left it instantly and emediately [immediately] flying to their arms after returned to their respective homes, ??? in a body to their encampment into the woods, discovering that they had shifted their position about fifty rods further into the woods taking them on surprise, the Chief of the Indians killed and two or three wounded the foregoing happened on 29th July 1781.
This deponent also saith that late in the month of October same year, 1781 in Battle at Johnstown in said County of Montgomery this deponent then under the emediant [immediate] Command of Col. lMarinus Willett against a numerous party from Canada, under the Command of Majr. Ross when after a serious conflict attended with the loss of lifes, & Blood shed on both sides, likewise prisoners taken from both sides. When the enemy at that left the field retreating &c.
This deponent further saith that he thinks in the summer 1779 on the expedition with Genl Sullivan in sailing boats to Lake Otsego from the Mohawk River for at least 3 weeks. When marching to the Western Country in pursuing several tribes of the Indians &c—also that he this applicant never hath applied for a pension under the Act of 1828? And considering to suffer sufficient [blotted] because appear by the foregoing mentioned circumstances and occurrences to his Hon’r The Secretary of the War department not only for the service of two years, but from the commencement to the close of the war, exclusive of the various kind of Military Services performed calculated to watch and guard against the incursions of the common enemy, of his country, that he hath always kept himself in readiness with his arms and accoutrements, & when warned to [blotted] out, at a moment without any hesitation or equivocation, besides carrying his provisions along, willing to await any emergencie [emergency] which might befall him—and after and often encountering the greatest danger on his return home as well than in leaving always finding his own provisions, closing with an hope to be placed on the pension list, being allowed an full pension with others equally deserving.
And this applicant further declares that as early in the war than 1776 his name was entered on pay roll as appeared by copy or abstract reserved by Capt. Christop’r Fox dec’d, containing his name and allowing him this amt. Of £10..2..8 equal to $25.33 for duties and services performed. Already owed and as soon than 76. And if services performed apparently nearly four months in that year, what allowance necessarily out to [tear in paper]for the following six succeeding years when trouble, danger and [blot and tear in paper] than at the commencement of the war vizt at the expiration of the two first years. This claimant declares that he will with due justification leave his care to his hon’r the Secretary of the War department, in full confidence that he may be enabled the foregoing in realizing the situation this claimant had to incounter [encounter] during the war not only himself but almost each and every inhabitant up along the Mohawk River, those who were friendly to the American cause for the liberty and independence and that he this applicant hereby relinquishes every claim whatever to a pension or annuity except the present and declares that his name is not on the pension roll of the agency of any state. And further this applicant says not.
And further this claimant or applicant declares that he has omitted those events where they hath formed a small company of rangers to [blotted] the enemy and the number of nine and during the course of the winter have been engaged going out for three months scouting weekly on scouts, Christian Gettman at the head of the party that they were authorized by their field officers to raise this even that they hath been decided into three different classes so that one class having been out for three days, all the time one out during the full three months, and further this claimant saith not.
(Signed) Wm W. Fox.
Letter in the pension folder.
January 16, 1928
Mrs. M.O. Kline
35 Union St.
I have to advise you that from the papers in the Revolutionary War pension claim, S.10690, it appears that WILLIAM W. Fox was born in Palatine, Montgomery County, New York, date not stated.
While a resident of that place he enlisted and served at various times from sometime in 1776 until the close of the Revolution, amounting to at least two years in all, as private with the New York Troop[s under Captains William Fox, Christopher Fox, and Henry Miller, and Colonels Jacob Klock and Marinus Willett; he was in the battles or Oriskany, Stillwater, Saratoga, Failings Flats and Johnstown.
He was allowed pension on his application executed September 6, 1832, at which time he was living in Palatine, New York and was seventy-eight years of age.
There are no data on file relative to his family.
Winfield Scott, Commissioner